The samples were analyzed Write: An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to the agar surface. If you had a complicated protocol, it may helpful to include a diagram, table or flowchart to explain the methods you used.
Top of Page Describe the organism s used in the study. Segment lengths were measured using a microscope with microgauge. Presenting Research Findings and Statistical Significance A systematic description of your research results and a correct data analysis and interpretation are related to statistical significance, as they help avoid speculations or misinterpretations by readers of your academic article.
In the Results section, it is okay to bring up this outcome, however, posing new hypotheses for this uncommon result should be presented in the Discussion section. It is often a good idea to include a map labeled as a Figure showing the study location in relation to some larger more recognizable geographic area.
The duration of exposure to running water had a pronounced effect on cumulative seed germination percentages Fig. The paper should read as a narrative in which the author describes what was done and what results were obtained from that work.
Much of the results are also reported in the legends. Research papers present the process of testing hypotheses or models and how their findings help shape or advance a particular research topic.
Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method. If you present your data in a table or graph, include a title describing what's in the table "Enzyme activity at various temperatures", not "My results". For instance, if you needed to present population sizes and sex ratios for your study organism at a series of sites, and you planned to focus on the differences among individual sites according to say habitat type, you would use a table.
The abstract is usually written last. It is appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source vendor and catalog number for reagents used, e. Use verbs instead of abstract nouns Instead of: Only the results are presented. It is thought Write: Figures, tables and graphs are useful methods for gathering a great deal of information into one place that can then be mentioned in the content of your article.
Include the date s of the study e. The first research question was "How do students benefit from analysing model texts? The title, "A Biology Lab Report", tells the reader nothing.
The striking agreement between changes in microtubule orientation observed at the outer epidermal wall during tropic bending and during induction or straight growth by external auxin strongly indicates that auxin is, in fact, functionally involved in mediating asymmetric growth leading to organ curvature.
Your abstract should be one paragraph, of words, which summarizes the purpose, methods, results and conclusions of the paper. DO NOT write this section as though it were directions in a laboratory exercise book.
Similar to Author [Year], one of the findings of this study is the strong relationship between… While Author [Year] found an indirect relationship between, our study highlighted ….Writing the Paper The questions and hypotheses that initiate an investigation, the resultant data gathered, and the background information obtained by reading the literature will lead to conclusions.
Your research paper presents these conclusions and the appropriate evidence (data and relevant Results In this section, you present the data. a guide to writing scientific papers Scientific experiments are demanding, exciting endeavors, but, to have an impact, results must be communicated to others.
A research paper is a method of communication, an attempt to tell others about some specific data that you have gathered and what you think those data mean in the context of your research. Figures, Tables and Plates It is likely that you will include figures, tables and plates (photographs) in your paper, either in the introduction, materials and methods or results sections.
Although general information about using figures/tables and plates is below, check the Notes for Authors section of your chosen journal for more specific instructions.
The "Acid Test" for Tables and Figures: Any Table or Figure you present must be sufficiently clear, well-labeled, and described by its legend to be understood by your intended audience without reading the results section, i.e., it must be able to stand alone and be interpretable. Overly complicated Figures or Tables may be difficult to.
Results and discussions can either be combined into one section or organized as separate sections depending on the requirements of the journal to which you are submitting your research paper.
Use subsections and subheadings to improve readability and clarity. Organizing Academic Research Papers: 7. The Results. The results section of the research paper is where you report the findings of your study based upon the information gathered as a result of the methodology [or methodologies] you applied.
When writing the .Download