Most of the arguments are found in his Socratic dialogue Phaedo of which the Recollection Argument is also found in the Meno, but I do not cover that version here and a further important one is found in the last book of The Republic another Socratic dialogue. And after being asleep, he awakens.
Would you not expect a composite object or a natural compound to be liable to break up where it was put together? The Cyclical Argument, or Opposites Argument explains that Forms are eternal and unchanging, and as the soul always brings life, then it must not die, and is necessarily "imperishable".
The Beautiful as cause c,d; c 5. Is not death opposed to life? But it looks like the body is visible whereas the soul is invisible; so it looks like the soul is more like those things which have been found to be constant and invariable.
This could be likened to the idea of the opposite charges of magnets. Did you ever reach them truths with any bodily sense? He bases the first, known as the Argument from Opposites, on the observation that everything comes to be from out of its opposite.
There is another preliminary observation that should be made up front as well. Why should this be? Yes, Socrates, he said; all this seems to flow necessarily out of our previous admissions. A criticism of this argument, based on the distinction between coming to exist and acquiring a property.
Socrates then gets Cebes to conclude that the dead are generated from the living, through death, and that the living are generated from the dead, through birth. This could be likened to the idea of the opposite charges of magnets. As the body is mortal and is subject to physical death, the soul must be its indestructible opposite.
It may be, then, that as the soul resembles the harmony in its being invisible and divine, once the lyre has been destroyed, the harmony too vanishes, therefore when the body dies, the soul too vanishes. The first premise is: How does it help to establish the immortality of the soul?
He says, "I am ready to admit that the existence of the soul before entering into the bodily form has been He bases the first, known as the Argument from Opposites, on the observation that everything comes to be from out of its opposite. What sort of thing is it that would naturally suffer the fate of being dispersed?
He identifies four causes--material, efficient, formal and final. And what is that?Arguments FOR and AGAINST the Immortality of the Soul o 1) The Cycle of opposites (things) argument, by Socrates, for immortality.
o 2) The Theory of Recollection argument, by Socrates, for immortality. o 3) The Kinship or Affinity argument, by Socrates, for immortality.
Cycle of opposites o Notice opposites with. THE FIRST THREE IMMORTALITY ARGUMENTS IN THE "PHAEDO" 1. Argument 1: The Argument from Opposites Knowledge of the Equal is not based on bodily sensations. (6) We have bodily sensations from birth. B. Sub-Argument 2: Soul is like the divine and so it is natural for it to be indissoluble.
Just because the soul existed before I was born, does not guarantee that I will exist after life. Fails to establish immortality of the soul. Does not logically imply immortality of the soul or living forever. An Analytic Outline of Plato's Phaedo Brian B. Clayton THE FIRST THREE IMMORTALITY ARGUMENTS IN THE "PHAEDO" 1.
Argument 1: The Argument from Opposites (70bd) (1) If the souls of the living come only from the dead, then the souls of men who have died must exist in.
Just because the soul existed before I was born, does not guarantee that I will exist after life. Fails to establish immortality of the soul. Does not logically imply immortality of the soul or living forever.
Socrates and the Immortality of the Soul “Phaedo” is one of the dialogues that take place in Plato’s great work Five Dialogues (first four being Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and Meno).
Phaedo is the last dialogue in the book and it contains the last speeches between Socrates and his friends.Download